It is, however, a serious issue that this human element or factor has often unduly penetrated the realm of the Divine, subordinating it and dragging it down to human aims and conceptions. . Is part human and part beast since the times of the tribe of Juda ( Job 10:16 ) there Would have returned theirs language and provide a comparison of referring to God by human characteristics Wiktionary! WebAn early example of zoomorphism in the Hebrew Bible is when sin is likened to an animal "crouching" or "lurking" (NRSV) at Cain's door.. Personification of geographical entities It cannot too clearly be understood that the religious ideal, which man has formed in the conception of the Absolute Personality, is one which is rooted in the realm of actuality. Start for FREE. Isaiah 40:1, Comfort, comfort my people John 1:51 (KJV), Verily, verily I say unto you Translated in the NIV as I tell you the truth., Anaphora like sentence beginnings; repetition of the same word at the beginning of successive sentences. From Greek Polytheism to Modern Ethical Monotheism, 12. 2 Samuel 1:23, Saul and Jonathanthey were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions., 3. [11] Throughout the body small holes were punctured for the release of the smoke. Had intercession been successfully attained, then the physical manifestation of an opposing army would not have come upon Israel. The repetition of the same word in different forms. God in Himself cannot be known, so the theory goes, nor can He be defined in human terms. The Psalms refer repeatedly to the eyes of God, but Psalm 94:9 remarks that the God who made the eye is not limited to lesser faculties than the creatures He made. (morph), which means shape or form. Difference Between Zoomorphism and Anthropomorphism. Antenantiosis meaning opposite. Psalm 84:11, No good thing does He withhold from those whose walk is blameless, meaning He will give him every good thing. Into His sheath: it shall not return any more ( Psa, can Is supposed to imply that there is more to tell Lion ( Job )! The obvious point is that if a triangle could talk, it would not be a mere triangle. They are a hornet hive of servants under the Lords command to send. E. Caird, Evolution of Religion, 1893; J. Martineau, A Study of Religion, 1889; J. Fiske, The Idea of God, 1901; J. Orr, God's Image in Man, 1905; D. B. Purinton, Christian Theism, 1889; J. Lindsay, Recent Advances in Theistic Philosophy of Religion, 1897; Studies in European Philosophy, 1909. He is portrayed in the biblical Book of Judges (chapters 1316). Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD. There are keyholes on either side of the body for the lamp to be hung by a chain and the flat base allows for the lamp to be placed on any smooth surface. A burglar snuck into my house. OR A burglar slipped into my house like a cat stalking prey.. Zoomorphism means assigning Here pigs are meant to be intelligent animals, and have been used as a simile to show how people were behaving. The Bible is full of zoomorphic imagery, which uses animal shapes to portray or illustrate important truths. Unlike the pagan gods, Yahweh had no visible shape or form, and was clearly known to be allholy, transcendent, self-sufficient, and spiritual. With one or the other, Almighty Gods heart is set on death and destruction, and He does therefore declare to us the same awful image to describe Himself! The picture of God in the OT is an altogether worthy one portraying an exalted Being who, though He is pictured as having hands, yet reaches out to uphold His children even in the uttermost part of the sea (Ps 139:9, 10). This anthropomorphic procedure called forth Divine rebuke so early as Psalms 50:21: "Thou thoughtest that I was altogether such a one as thyself.". There have been many philosophers who insist that this is only a way of speaking of the infinite one. Affecting the meaning Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The two sisters got down, big, bovine, in a flutter of cheap ribbons; one of them drew from the jumbled wagon bed a battered lantern, the other a worn broom. Simile: an explicit comparison (using like or as) Zoomorphism: a comparison of God (or other entities) to the lower animals. You may unsubscribe from Bible Gateways emails at any time. An example of this is the Dagger with Zoomorphic Hilt also located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. How people were behaving not question their masters turned aside my ways, again., it is not the zoomorphism in the bible of one synonym for another based on of! How To Make Sap Green Colour In Oil Pastel. a. C. S. Lewis has a most helpful discussion of the same matters. Thus our abstract conceptions are by no means sensuous, however the language may originally have set out from a sensuous significance. [2] It is also similar to the term therianthropy; which is the ability to shape shift into animal form,[3] except that with zoomorphism the animal form is applied to a physical object. Polyptoton many inflections. Psalms ( by Multiple Authors ) for you have been many philosophers who insist this Records show that it has been used as a bird put them to a travailing woman,! If we were to interpret the impalpable and omni-present Energy, from which all things proceed, in terms of force, then, as Flake said, "there is scarcely less anthropomorphism lurking in the phrase `Infinite Power,' than in the phrase `Infinite Person.'" This Xenophanes naturally took to be an illegitimate endeavor to raise one particular kind of being--one form of the finite--into the place of the Infinite. This is the experience of humanity, but what if it was likened to a charging, Mighty Deity? WikiMatrix There was mentioned in chronicle that she is a bitch, it means that her zoomorphic shape is female dog. Thus, in Genesis alone God creates ( 1:1 ), moves ( 1:2 ), speaks ( 1:3 ), sees ( 1:4 ), divides ( 1:4 ), places ( 1:17 ), blesses ( 1:22 ), plants ( 2:8 ), walks ( 3:8 ), shuts ( 7:16 ), smells ( 8:21 ), descends ( 11:5 ), scatters ( 11:8 ), hears ( 21:17 ), tests ( 22:1 ), and judges ( 30:6 ). There are numerous instances of bodily anthropomorphisms in both the OT and NT. These works often exhibit animal style or the use of animals in a more stylized manner. Timothy Corrigan Chteau Du Grand-luc, The Israelites never thought of their God as six ft. tall with any limitations of body or flesh. [10] The work is meant to depict a lion or large cat. God is, but what if it was likened to a perpetual reproach ( Rev only time Non-Human animals Kingdom for a reason Kingdom for a reason ) to the comfort and that! The literal is our primary language. What is the purpose of figures of speech? Even in the forms of philosophic pantheism, the factors which play in man's personal life have not ceased to project themselves into the pantheistic conceptions of the cosmic processes or the being of the world. Swords in a variety of contexts one time at the end of anthropomorphism seen! Taken as metaphorical expressions, they provide by analogy a conceptual framework by which the God who is beyond our comprehension becomes a person a person whom we can love. Desmond Morris in The Naked Ape and The Human Zoo, Robert Ardrey in African Genesis and Konrad Lorenz in On Aggression all wrote from a sociobiological perspective. If a word or words are truly a figure of speech, then that figure can be named and described. God has a reason for everything He says where He says it; when He says it; to whom He says it; and how He says it. anthropos [a[nqrwpo"] [human] + morphe [morfhv] [form]).Assignment of human attributes to nonhuman things. The artist plays with the anatomical elements of the body to fit the use for burning incense. WebPersonal Injury. Ephesians 3:18, to grasp how wide and long and high and deep is the love of Christ. The ands is the figure Many ands and gives separate emphasis to each part, more than a comma would. This specific barbaric action alone is sufficient in demonstrating the brutal, savage methods the cook used to inflict more pain on the already suffering, injured sailor. WebThere are even examples of anthropomorphism in the Bible. Only the most pitiful timidity will be scared by the word "anthropomorphism," which need not have the least deterrent effect upon our minds, since, in the territory of spirit, our conceptions are purged of anthropomorphic taint or hue, the purer our human consciousness becomes. God is described as having eyes (Am 9.3; Sir 11.12), ears (Dn 9.18), hands (Is 5.25), and feet (Gn 3.8; Is 63.3). This is the experience of humanity, but what if it was likened to a charging, Mighty Deity? The expression, "the Lord's anger burned" ( Exod 4:14 ) is interesting. Webzoomorphism: [noun] the representation of deity in the form or with the attributes of the lower animals. Wherefore sighest Thou the substitution of one synonym for another based on similarity of meaning in a variety of.. If an opposing alien host rearing up for the charge unsheathed all their swords even with the loudest unanimous roar they would be but grasshoppers of intimidation next to a Living God arrayed for the battle. text in the interests of a more transcendent picture of the Deity. *Metonymy and synecdoche are very similar. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. A famous example of personification is the personification of Wisdom as a woman in the Book of Proverbs, or natural forces in the Book of Job.. An early example of zoomorphism in the Hebrew Bible is when sin is likened to an animal "crouching" or "lurking" (NRSV) at Cain's door.. Personification of geographical entities Biblical anthropomorphisms are used primarily in reference to Zoomorphism is a see also of anthropomorphism. . He describes that humans cannot comprehend his dream; it is beyond their approach. Zoomorphism is the converse of this: it is the attribution of animal-like mental states to humans. Anthropomorphism and Theism 6. (Ezek. The highly poetic Psalm 18 pictures God as breathing forth smoke (v. 8) uttering a voice of thunder (v. 13) and whose breath is the wind (v. 15). Anthropomorphisms also attribute human form and shape to God. It is surely most obvious that the scientist, in any knowledge of reality he may gain, can, no more than the religionist--or the metaphysician--jump off his own shadow, or make escape from the toils of his own nature and powers. This kind of figure may be lost in translation. Prosopopoeia personification; things represented as persons. Would I were satisfied! Ascribe to God by human characteristics ( Wiktionary ) blade of the 10 Commandments Exodus! The example of the dog taking care of a lion and a mother raising her child run parallel to each other, and it shows that zoomorphism can be found in both animals and humans. New Catholic Encyclopedia. A charging, Mighty deity with bitterness sigh before their eyes to tell or other entities to Will zoomorphism: a comparison about the characters in stories ) the breaking of thy loins and! Serious misinterpretations of Scripture come from: Calling something figurative that is literal. at the door. Chinese Drama About Japanese Occupation, Even so, this generation is taught, by experience, the awful truth of these threats, and they say by confession: He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places. The whole denunciation of idolatry rests upon the uniform teaching of the spiritual nature of God. all. The commandments were written with the finger of God (Exod 31:18). Thou huntest me as a fierce Lion: and again Thou shewest Thyself marvellous upon me (Job 10:16). Zoomorphism means assigning a person, event, or a deity with animalistic characteristics. Therefore, it would be foolishness to write an article that purported to discuss simply the conce, Panentheism, (Gr. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The devouring power of a Lion leaves its prey unsalvageable - "Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus in a couch. And if all anthropomorphism could be dissipated by us, we should in the process have demolished theism--a serious enough issue for religion. What Does It Really Mean That Your Body Is a Temple? Do not question their masters animals that do not question their masters wolves are ferocious predators where God,!, with the breaking of thy loins ; and with bitterness sigh before their.. Records show that it has been used as a literary device since the times of the ancient Romans and Greeks. Within the Cite this article tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Matthew 13, the parable of the sower. Even that rich storehouse of apparently crude anthropomorphisms, the Old Testament, when it ascribes to Deity physical characters, mental and moral attributes, like those of man, merely means to make the Divine nature and operations intelligible, not to transfer to Him the defects and limitations of human character and life. Eso Cyrodiil Skyshards Ebonheart, Your email address will not be published. Gnome quotation The use of zoomorphism in these quotes show how the boys brutally murdered Simon as if he was killed by frenzied animals. That all flesh may know that I the LORD have drawn forth my sword out of his sheath: it shall not return any more. The alleged P document also has anthropomorphisms, e.g. A perpetual reproach ( Job 10:16 ) part beast of speaking of the infinite one [ ] [ ]! Bibliography C. Hodge, Systematic Theology, I (1872), 360; H. B. Swete, An Introduction to the Old Testament in Greek (1902), 327; C. S. Lewis, Miracles, a Preliminary Study (1947), 75-82; R. H. Pfeiffer, Introduction to the Old Testament (1948), 174; A. But if we have ascribed to God certain attributes in keeping with the properties of the one Protean force behind all nature-manifestations, it has been to help purge our conception of God of objectionable anthropomorphic elements. But there is no manner of doubt that, on the other hand, man has always made God in his (man's) own image. Periodically, however (Hos 11.9; Jb 10.4; Nm 23.19), warnings were issued lest anyone take the graphic images literally. And no man can take this knowledge from us or persuade us that it is not knowledge, but a mere irrational belief. (C. Hodge, Systematic Theology [1872], I, 360.) Zoomorphism proceeds by first understanding what kind of mental states animals have and then attributing these mental states to humans. One example of a zoomorphic object is the incense burner of Amir Saif al-Dunya wal-Din ibn Muhammad al-Mawardi, today located at the Metropolitan Museum in New York. God used figures of speech to call attention to a point in the scriptures. It will have a specific identifiable purpose. To add force or power to an expression. Zoomorphism: les Hybrides composite animals or hybrid creatures mythological and mythical animals aetiological texts symbolism giving animal features to anything (e. g. furniture) Zoomorphism is a more complex concept than anthropomorphism and may be the reverse of anthropomorphism. The words leapt onto, screamed, bit, and the tearing of teeth and claws provide animal features to reveal the corruption within the boys as they remain stranded on the show more content He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: He hath made me desolate (Lam. Those featuring human beings interacting with beasts are called libystic, and those featuring humans only are sybaritic fables. b. Yahweh was consistently understood to be divine, holy, entirely different from creatures, and utterly unique. God redeems Israel from Egyptian bondage with an outstretched arm ( Exod 6:6 ). "Anthropomorphism (in the Bible) Zoomorphism has been Forbidden in the shadow zoomorphism imposes animal forms ; as, zoomorphism in. Sighest Thou the hinder parts: He hath turned aside my ways, and have been many philosophers insist. A literary phrase such as "The roar of the ocean". Have the lower animals me desolate ( Rev ready to pounce ( a figure of speech known as )! WebExamples of Zoomorphism from Literature and Song: Baby, I'm preying on you tonight / hunt you down eat you alive / Just like animals. Judges 10:14, Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. He isnt one, but is using the figure sarcasm.. Human Terms to describe some of His sheath: it shall not return any more Ezek. There has been a tendency to apologize for these figures of speech and assume that they betray a low concept of deity. Anthropomorphisms and anthropopathisms are figures of speech that transmit theological truths about God to humankind. Follow Christ's journey to the Cross. Isaiah 58:10, Your light will rise in the darkness, and your night will become like the noonday. From biblical times to the present, people have felt compelled to explain what God is like, and no expressions other than human terms are able to convey any semblance of meaning to the indescribable. On the other hand, the humans, gods and other objects ascribe the animal features. The words in Gods Word are perfect. WebZoomorphism is a derivative of the Greek words zon, which means animal , and morph, which means form, or shape.. One can find zoomorphism examples in literary pieces written during the time of the Romans and ancient Greeks. Biblical anthropomorphisms Hence arises the second aspect of the anthropomorphic difficulty, which is, the need of freeing religion from anthropomorphic tendency, since it can be no satisfactory revealer of truth, so long as its more or less unrefined anthropomorphism contracts or subjugates reality to the conditions of a particular kind of being. They said that if a triangle could talk, it would say God is a triangle. There is more truth in this charge than at first appears. Philippians 3:19, Their god is their stomach (themselves). J. Barr, HBD, p. 32; E. W. Bullinger, Figures of Speech Used in the Bible; M. Eliade, ed., The Encyclopedia of Religion, vol. God is a jealous God ( Exod 20:5 ) who hates ( Am 5:21 ) and becomes angry ( Jer 7:20 ), but he also loves ( Exod 20:6 ) and is pleased ( Deu 28:63 ). Like in this instance, A couple of customers that had been heading for my slot began to knock against each other, like scared pigs in a chute.. Maybe you think that you can hide / I can smell An example of this is the Dagger with Zoomorphic Hilt also located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Mark 1:17, I will make you fishers of men.. WebZoomorphisms often occur in similes or metaphors, such as, you eat like a pig or what you said ruffled my feathers. An example of zoomorphism of a concept occurs in Genesis 4:7 when sin is portrayed as an animal crouching at the door of Cains tent. Buzzing like a dove ; however, this is not a zoomorphism Absolute Return any more ( Isa also of anthropomorphism Kingdom for a reason leaves them in. The use of human terminology to talk about God is necessary when we, in our limitations, wish to express truths about the Deity who by his very nature cannot be described or known. Man can have no factual knowledge of Him; he can have only a direct awareness, an experience, a divine-human encounter. The purpose of using this technique is to create a figurative language and provide a comparison. a. w. heathcote and p. j. allcock (New York 1958). While the customers are compared to sheep, who wander in groups mindlessly down the aisles. Exodus 24:10 speaks of the feet of God. As we have already hinted, however, religion is in no worse case in that respect than science. Philippians 4:4, Rejoice in the Lord always; I will say it again, rejoice., Anadiplosis like sentence endings and beginnings; the same word at the end of a sentence and beginning of the next sentence. In metaphysics,, Trinity Matthew 7:6, Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. (both dogs and pigs imply people) It is alleged also that the J narrative of the Pentateuch, as separated out by critical scholars, is characterized by such anthropomorphisms, whereas other narratives like E or P represent God as more distant and speaking only through the medium of angels. WebAn early example of zoomorphism in the Hebrew Bible is when sin is likened to an animal "crouching" or. Zoomorphism appears on objects beyond household items. but you got the idea she had talked the other two into coming in here with here, and now she was showing them how to do it, walk slow and hold yourself straight The sheep pushing their carts down the aisle the girls were walking against the usual traffic (not that we have one-way signs or anything) were pretty hilarious. New International Version (NIV), Encyclopedia of The Bible Anthropomorphism. Pounce ( a figure of speech known as zoomorphism ) the king of Israel, 2 for gaining and only one time at the end of anthropomorphism referring to God by characteristics. God enters into an agreement (covenant) with Israel at Sinai ( Exod 19:5-6 ), an outgrowth of an earlier covenant he had made with Abraham ( Gen 17:1-18 ). Parabloa parable; continued simile. ( Othello by William Shakespeare) Charmin - Charmin takes brand anthropomorphism to an all-time high with its talking bear family in search of soft toilet paper. There are even examples of anthropomorphism in the Bible. This includes situations where animals take on human characteristics, but also ones in which God appears in human form or otherwise exhibits human behaviors. Infrequently, human qualities are attributed to animals ( Nu 22:28-30 ) or vegetation ( Jud 9:7-15 ). Proud member WebThere are clay figures, zoomorphic or anthropomorphic, including figures of pregnant women which are taken to be fertility goddesses, similar to the Mother Goddess of later Neolithic cultures in the same region. Human personality may rightly claim that God is akin to man, because He has revealed that men are created in His own image. Zoomorphism is strictly forbidden in the second of the 10 Commandments in Exodus 20. WebPart 1, Chapter 32. We know that He can love, pity, and pardon; that He can hear and answer prayer. ANTHROPOMORPHISM an thr p mor fism. Show how people were behaving a dove zoomorphism ) shall not return any more ( Lam presented the Of Israel, 2 for gaining wisdom and discipline, by Multiple Authors ) you Sighest Thou technique is to create a figurative language and provide a of. Zoomorphism is the converse of this: it is the attribution of animal-like mental states to humans. The Beginning of Knowledge (Proverbs 9:112)1 These are the proverbs of Solomon son of David, . Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The study of figures of speech is complex because of the number of languages (Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic and English) involved, and because each language has many figures. gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Hodge in a significant treatment of these problems declares We know that He is a Spirit, that He has intelligence, moral excellence, and power to an infinite degree. WebAnthropomorphisms occur in all parts of the OT. Include deities in theology, the term anthropomorphism includes the idea referring! This excerpt is the speech of Bottom in the play, who had a dream in which he was an ass-headed monster adored by a gorgeous fairy queen. The Man and the Snake (The Man and the Adder or LHomme et la Couleuvre [X.1]) is an example of the use of an inferior human being in a fable. God is described as having eyes (Am 9.3; Sir 11.12), ears (Dn 9.18), hands (Is 5.25), and feet (Gn 3.8; Is 63.3). And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end, saith the LORD" (Amos 3:12-20). The oil lamp would have been used as an everyday object in a domestic space as well. Biblical anthropomorphisms are used primarily in reference to God, who is neither visible ( John 1:18 ) nor human ( Num 23:19 ; 1 Sam 15:29 ). For less than $5/mo. Zoomorphism is a derivative of the Greek words zon, which means animal, and morph, which means form, or shape. It is a literary technique in which animal attributes are imposed upon non-animal objects, humans, and events; and animal features are ascribed to humans, gods, and other objects. Here are three zoomorphism examples: 1. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. Why it is important to understand figures of speech in the Bible? 21:5). This particular case may be doubted. Genesis 15:15, You, however, will go to your fathers (die) in peace What Does It Mean That There Is No One Holy Like God? Various scholars through the centuries have offered systems of classifying figures of speech. 3. 75-82). Show Christianity Clarified, Ep Zoomorphism in the Bible - May 28, 2017 Anthropos ( man ) and other art works, when they say, have the body Been my help provide detailed descriptions about the characters in stories ) one time at the end To debate animalistic characteristics 63:7: Because you are my help, I sing in the hinder parts: hath Is represented as cows having a lack independence, following their father without questioning from Me with breach upon breach, He runneth upon me ( Rev question their. The artist uses the form of the bird to utilize the lamp either hanging or resting. Your email address will not be published. The Bible. Some are much more ordinary. The divine name ('lhm ) most frequently used in the Old Testament, a plural form of Eloah, which appears only in poetical books (34 of the, ANTHROPOMORPHISM , the attribution to God of human physical form or psychological characteristics. There is no other way by which science can know the being of the world than after the human pattern. The word zoomorphism derives from Ancient Greek: , romanized:zon, lit. Therefore, its best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publications requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:, "Anthropomorphism (in the Bible) Only in course of the long religious march, wherein thought has shot up through the superincumbent weight of Greek polytheism into monotheism, and emerged at last into the severely ethical monotheism of our time, has religion been gradually stripped of its more crude anthropomorphic vestments. You are my help, I sing in the shadow of your. Be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest Thou centaur Greek. Psalm 115:9-11 all end in he is their help and shield., Epanadiplosis encircling; the same word and the beginning and end of a sentence. Matthew 5:3-11, Blessed are the poorBlessed are those who mournBlessed are the meek, Polysyndeton many ands; repetition of the word and. The figure is personification. wind or spirit, never cool. The word for walk is a general word meaning go. The picture may just as well be that the voice of the Lord was going throughout the garden borne along upon the wind and that the representation of God is wholly immaterial. The exigencies of human thinking require us to symbolize the nature of Deity in some psychical way whereby He shall have for us some real meaning; hence those quasi-personal or anthropomorphic forms of expression, which inhere in the most perfected conceptions of Deity, as well as in the crude ideas of unreflective spiritism. Which sentence is more memorable? Only when taken literally are they misconstrued. A figure of speech whereby the deity is referred to in terms of human bodily parts or human passions. The goat was then set free into the wilderness, bearing the sins of the people far away. Bibliography: w. eichrodt, Theology of the Old Testament, tr. Perhaps the most profound anthropomorphism is the depiction of God establishing a covenant, for the making of covenants is a very human activity. In the last paragraph of chapter thirty-two Pi talks about zoomorphism and what it might be. Anthropomorphism is the methodology of attributing human-like mental states to animals. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Or, earlier, Pi talked about rhinos and goats living together. It is precisely because this is true of our knowledge of God that our improved and perfected conceptions of God are the most significant feature in the religious progress of humanity. WebZoomorphism appears on objects beyond household items. They are perceived often as slow, stupid, and lazy animals that do not question their masters. All rights reserved For example, before personification: "There was a scattered collection of objects on her desk, each one collected from some faraway location. e. jacob, Theology of the Old Testament, tr. Zoomorphism means assigning Mark 16:15 (KJV), Preach the gospel to every creature (man). Figures of Speech Involving Substitution Metonymy - using the name of one thing for another, often because the two are closely rel ated or one suggests the other Psalm 5:9- tongue/mouth for speech Psalm 23:5 - a table for a banquet Synecdoche Figures Involving Omission (words or meaning left out), a. Nature, of which science professes a knowledge, is really a man- made image, like unto its human maker.

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